Netherlands Attractions

Netherlands Attractions

Europe
The Hague The Hague (officially »'s-Gravenhage«) (Internet: www.denhaag.com ) is the seat of government of the Netherlands as well as the residence of the royal family and the provincial capital of Zuid-Holland. The International Court of Justice is also based here. The center of the old town is the Binnenhof, the government square from the Middle Ages. Parks and boulevards invite you to take a walk. A suburb of The Hague is the North Sea resort of Scheveningen with its famous casino and extensive sandy beaches. Haarlem The city of Haarlem is about 20 km west of Amsterdam and is the largest tulip center in Holland. The historic city center is very well preserved. In the center of the old town is the Grote Kerk, a magnificent Gothic church. The…
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Saint Martin (France)

Saint Martin (France)

Europe
Demography The San Martín Collective has an area of 53.2 km². In the French census of January 2006, the population in the French part of the island was 35,263 residents (only 8,072 residents more than in the 1982 census). The population density was 663 residents / km² in 2006. Population history 1885 1961 1967 1974 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 3,400 4,502 5,061 6,191 8,072 28,518 29,078 35,263 36,392 Official figures from French censuses. Population Out of a total of 66,000 residents. 32,000 in San Martín and 34,000 in Sint-Marteen. 80% of French and Dutch citizens have African origins. 10% of the population is French European, 4% are Europeans of different nationalities, 3% are Chinese and 3% are Indian. 60% of the total population is foreign. There are 82 nationalities represented on the island: 40%…
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Geography of Austria

Geography of Austria

Europe
The coordinates of the extreme points of the country: northern -15 ° 1 ' east longitude and 49 ° 1 ' north latitude; eastern - 17 ° 10 ' east longitude and 48 ° 0 ' north latitude; southern - 14 ° 34 ' east longitude and 46 ° 22 ' north latitude; western - 9 ° 32 ' east longitude and 47 ° 16 ' north latitude. The greatest length from north to south is 294 km, from west to east - 573 km. Austria has no access to the sea. The total length of the borders is 2706 km. Austria borders 8 countries: Germany (466 km) and the Czech Republic (816 km) in the north, Slovakia (107 km) and Hungary (354 km) in the east, Slovenia (330 km)…
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Visa to Belgium

Visa to Belgium

Europe
Attention!!! In connection with the introduction of the procedure for taking biometric data, the submission of documents to the Belgian visa center is carried out ONLY with the personal presence of the applicant. Submission by appointment, processing time from 10 working days. Foreign passport valid for at least 3.5 months after the end of the trip (please pay attention to the presence of a signature and free pages in the passport). If available, the originals of all parallel valid foreign passports are additionally provided. We also ask you to provide originals of previous foreign passports or copies of their visa pages, if you had them before. Important information regarding auto-read visas and passports. An auto-read visa cannot be pasted on a page of a passport whose back side is occupied…
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Cervinia, Italy

Cervinia, Italy

Europe
In the beautiful Alpine valley of Aosta, at an altitude of 2050 m, there is one of the most popular European ski resorts - Cervinia, which got its name from the Italian "Monte Cervino" (Matterhorn). The resort has excellent opportunities for skiing not only in winter, but also in summer - there are picturesque slopes of varying difficulty, including dizzying slopes for experienced skiers. In addition to skiing, Cervinia has many other attractions: a large selection of winter sports, the highest golf course in Europe, one of the best snow parks in Italy, as well as numerous restaurants with excellent cuisine, cozy bars and lively nightclubs. History The history of the resort of Cervinia began more than 200 years ago, when the Breuil Valley, lying at the foot of Mount…
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Serbia in the 1940’s

Serbia in the 1940’s

Europe
After the dismemberment of Yugoslavia, in 1941 (see below and Yugoslavia: History, in this App.), On 7 June 1941 its borders with Croatia were established and on the following 29 August the appointment of the Serbian Prime Minister took place. Serbia in the period 1941-45 broadly included the territory of Serbia prior to the Balkan wars, therefore without an outlet to the sea; towards Bulgaria it possessed a section of the Morava valley in less, while it also had a part of the former sangiaccato of Novi Bazar. The Banat, wedged between Hungary and Romania, remained attached to Serbia, but dependent on the German military command, and was granted a certain autonomy, given the presence of a large German ethnic group (200,000 residents 640,000). Including Banat, Serbia extended over 59,000…
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Estonia Geography

Estonia Geography

Europe
Climate. - The climate of Estonia is generally mild and cool, and therefore belongs to the category of temperate climates in Central Europe. Situated on the Baltic Sea, Estonia is right where the maritime climate of the North Sea is in constant struggle with the continental climate of Russia; Estonia is naturally affected by the two climatic influences, although they are attenuated by the water mass of the Baltic Sea. According to their position, the climate of the coastal regions varies from that of the interior. On the coasts the oceanic influence is more evident: the average annual temperature of the western islands is 5 °, 7, while on the west coast of the Estonian mainland the average is 4 °, 9, and that of the northern coastal regions is…
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Switzerland Prehistory

Switzerland Prehistory

Europe
The first traces of human life in Switzerland lead us back to the Ice Age. In an intermediate ice age, probably in that of Riss-Würm, hordes of hunters searched the caves of the high Alps to hunt their main prey, the Ursus spelaeus. The Wildkirchli caves in the Santis region, the Drachenloch above Vättis, the Wildenmannlisloch in the Kurfirsten, the Steigelfadbalm above Vitznau, then the Schnurenloch and Ranggiloch in the Simmental are known as such; and finally the Cotencher cave near Boudry in the southwestern Jura. In most of the caves the archaeological layer is interposed between two layers of clay from the glacial period; it is recognized by the dark color and the presence of bones of the cave bear, the arctic fox, the chamois and other animals of the…
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Switzerland Arts

Europe
Paleochristian era. - Christianity had first penetrated western Switzerland and Rezia (altar reliefs of China Germano in Geneva around 400); then the Alemanni, immigrants in the northern and eastern regions of today's Switzerland (the occupation of the plateau was completed around 470), only slowly merged their own culture with the already existing one permeated with Roman elements. Remains of buildings remain in the church of St. Peter in Geneva, Romainmôtier and St. Moritz. The representation of the good shepherd, an ambo barrier (7th century) in St. Moritz and another in Romainmôtier are the first examples of Christian sculptures in Switzerland, as well as a reliquary and a sardonic vase in St. Moritz from the goldsmith's art. the reliquary of Bishop Altheus in Sion. The relations with the contemporary culture of…
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Italy Medieval History

Italy Medieval History

Europe
493-553 Ostrogothic kingdom: the Eastern emperor Zeno, worried about the expansion of Odoacer in Illyricum, pushes the king of the Ostrogoths, Theodoric, to replace Odoacer with the title of magister militum. However, Theodoric's formal dependence on the Eastern emperor does not prevent him from becoming independent of any Roman authority; the Ostrogoths, settled in Italy with a colonization that reaches a line that roughly goes from lands immediately N of Rome to an area north of the Gargano, respect the Roman civil administration, keeping their military government structure intact. It is therefore a sort of juxtaposition, which guarantees for a few years a coexistence between Goths and Romans, also thanks to Theodoric's ability to choose Roman collaborators of considerable social and cultural level, such as Cassiodorus, Boethius, Fausto, and to maintain…
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The Neo-Greek Literature – From the 18th Century to the Early 19th Century

Europe
A new secularization of culture was promoted in the centers where the Greeks, aggregated in more prosperous and numerous communities, were able to come into direct contact with the ideas of the Enlightenment. Compared with the new that was urgent in the various fields of knowledge, the Greek tradition was limited and in need of updating: hence the proliferation of translations, the impulse given to an embryonic dramaturgical activity, the elaboration of pedagogical proposals, the foundation of magazines (among them, Ermìs or Lòghios, published in Vienna from 1811 to 1821), the search for a suitable linguistic form. Well determined in proposing a compromise between ancient and recent forms was the philologist A. Koraìs (18th-19th century), publisher of ancient texts, but also the author of a fictional text in Demotic. In the same period, more problematic and yet…
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Greece Arts and Music

Greece Arts and Music

Europe
ARTS The Middle Ages In the overall picture of Byzantine art, the center of fundamental importance was Thessaloniki, with continuity of works and a constant level of quality up to the 15th century. In the 4th-6th century. the type of the Hellenistic basilica was used (Eski Gium'ae S. Demetrio in Thessaloniki; basilicas in Athens, Nicopolis, Lesbos etc.). The church of the Dormition of the Virgin in Skripù in Boeotia (874) is an example of the transition from the basilica to the cruciform plan with a dome; this type, with a cross inscribed in a rectangle, spread in the 11th-12th century; frequent the octagonal constructions, of oriental influence (Sotèra Lykodìmu in Athens, mid 11th century; S. Luca in Phocis, 10th century; S. Teodoro in Mistrà, 15th century). To Mount Àthos the trichoric type appears, frequent…
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Germany Cinematography – The Rise and Fall of Auteur Cinema (1962-1989)

Germany Cinematography – The Rise and Fall of Auteur Cinema (1962-1989)

Europe
At the beginning of the Sixties, the signs of a profound crisis in the film industry multiplied in the BRD due to the effect of television competition and at the same time the gradual disaffection of the public from fashion genres. This was accompanied by an increasingly pronounced decline in the average quality of commercial cinema, which sought new strands to exploit: the 'krauti-western' - a short cycle of films based on the volumes of the 'German Salgari', K. May, which was direct antecedent of the much more significant 'spaghetti-western' - and then the yellow. However, despite some box-office successes, the economic meltdown was upon us and by the mid-1960s the German film industry would have entered a coma if to lengthen its duration. agony had not intervened the birth…
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Attractions in Portugal

Attractions in Portugal

Europe
Sao Bento train station Elaborate tile work in this train station tells the story of Portugal The transport hub in the heart of Porto offers travelers much more than just round-trip transport. The French Beaux Arts structure is home to 20,000 magnificent ceramic tiles glazed with azulejo tin, depicting Portugal's past - its royal rule, wars, and transportation history. Built in 1900, the beautiful station was named after a Benedictine monastery that took its place in the 16th century. In 1783 the church was destroyed by fire, but in the 19th century it was completely demolished to make way for the growing railroad system. The intricate tile work began five years after the station was built. The blue and white tiles were placed over a period of 11 years between…
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Madeira, Portugal Landmarks

Madeira, Portugal Landmarks

Europe
Cabo Girão in Madeira The small town of Camara de Lobos is only 10 kilometers east of Funchal. This is where the most easterly point of Madeira Island can be found. A visit to Cabo Girão, the cliffs, near Camara de Lobos is a must on a study trip to the flower island. They are very easy to reach from Funchal by car or bus and can be visited at any time. The best time to visit is early in the morning, when the sun is up or has just risen. Only for those with a head for heights Madeira ends in Cabo Girão. But not just with a sandy beach into the sea, but with a huge bastion made of rock. The rock formation at Cabo Girao juts out…
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Iceland Geography

Iceland Geography

Europe
According to Allcitycodes, Iceland is located in Northern Europe, it is an island between the Greenland Sea and the north of the Atlantic Ocean. It has just 300,000 residents and enjoys one of the highest living standards in Europe. Its geography has not been an obstacle for its development, it could even be said that it has benefited it as many people look for it in its natural spaces. Iceland, whose name means "land of ice", has glaciers, hot springs, geysers, active volcanoes, ice fields, tundras, snowy peaks, huge lava deserts, waterfalls and craters.. Some of the largest colonies of birds in the world inhabit the cliffs that rise up on its coasts, in the lakes and swamps there are abundant aquatic birds. Iceland, a Nordic island nation, occupies an area of 103,000 km2 in the North Atlantic…
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North Crimean Canal

North Crimean Canal

Europe
North Crimean Canal, irrigation canal in southern Ukraine, over 400 km long; branches off from the Kachowka reservoir of the Dnieper and leads through the north of the Crimean peninsula to Kerch. Crimean Tatars Crimean Tatars, Turkic-speaking people, originally settled in the Crimea; it was formed in the course of the disintegration of the Mongol-ruled Golden Horde mainly from subjugated Cumans and other Turkic tribes; Europeanized by mixing with Genoese, Crimean Goths and Slavs. Strongly decimated by emigration to Turkey since 1783, around 220,000 Crimean Tatars were deported to Central Asia in 1944 (on charges of collaboration with the Germans), especially to the desert-like Mubarek steppe southeast of Bukhara (Uzbekistan), many of whom perished (to own information 10%). According to a resolution of November 28, 1989, the approximately 500,000 Crimean…
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Norwegian Music

Norwegian Music

Europe
Norwegian music, term for music on the territory of Norway. Like music in the other Scandinavian countries, Norwegian music is already documented by finds of instruments from the Middle and Late Bronze Age, from which lurs are known, which were probably blown on cultic occasions. The literary sources of the Middle Ages such as the Edda, Sagas and the Skaldendeals paint a more comprehensive picture of Norwegian musical life. In addition to the harp, fiddle, lyre and horns, the folk instruments langleik (fingerboard zither) and especially the Hardangerfele (Hardanger fiddle) are from this period), which has a lot in common with the folk sounds of the southern region of pre-aggregorian shepherd melodies in Switzerland in its primeval melos and lyrically. The literary sources also testify to the high reputation of…
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Caspian Sea

Caspian Sea

Asia, Europe
With around 400,000 km², the Caspian Sea is the largest lake on earth without drainage. Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Iran lie on the Caspian Sea. In north-south direction it extends over a length of about 1200 km, its mean width is about 320 km. The main tributary is the Volga. The Caspian Sea repeatedly filled the entire Caspian Depression. The water level has sunk considerably since 1971 due to evaporation and water abstraction. The area of ​​the Caspian Sea shrank. The water level has been rising significantly again since the late 1980's. Today it is around 28 m below sea level. The salinity is high. Salt is extracted in the south of the Caspian Sea. Extensive inland waterways open up the Caspian Sea from the north and south. All…
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United Kingdom Travel Overview

United Kingdom Travel Overview

Europe
GENERAL Official name of the state United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Capital London. Geography The largest island nation in Europe, Great Britain, consists of two geological formations: the highlands and the lowlands. The mountainous regions of Scotland, Northern Ireland, Northern England and North Wales make up the highlands. United Kingdom is one of countries starting with U defined by Countryaah. Beautiful lakes and raised bogs in the north west of England make up the Lake District. The lowland consists of sand and limestone hills, elongated valleys and extensive river valleys (e.g. the Wash on the east coast). To the southeast, the hills of the North and South Downs stretch to the white cliffs of Dover. On the north-west coast of Scotland, sea bays cut deep into the land.…
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