The Neo-Greek Literature – From the 18th Century to the Early 19th Century

Europe
A new secularization of culture was promoted in the centers where the Greeks, aggregated in more prosperous and numerous communities, were able to come into direct contact with the ideas of the Enlightenment. Compared with the new that was urgent in the various fields of knowledge, the Greek tradition was limited and in need of updating: hence the proliferation of translations, the impulse given to an embryonic dramaturgical activity, the elaboration of pedagogical proposals, the foundation of magazines (among them, Ermìs or Lòghios, published in Vienna from 1811 to 1821), the search for a suitable linguistic form. Well determined in proposing a compromise between ancient and recent forms was the philologist A. Koraìs (18th-19th century), publisher of ancient texts, but also the author of a fictional text in Demotic. In the same period, more problematic and yet…
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Greece Arts and Music

Greece Arts and Music

Europe
ARTS The Middle Ages In the overall picture of Byzantine art, the center of fundamental importance was Thessaloniki, with continuity of works and a constant level of quality up to the 15th century. In the 4th-6th century. the type of the Hellenistic basilica was used (Eski Gium'ae S. Demetrio in Thessaloniki; basilicas in Athens, Nicopolis, Lesbos etc.). The church of the Dormition of the Virgin in Skripù in Boeotia (874) is an example of the transition from the basilica to the cruciform plan with a dome; this type, with a cross inscribed in a rectangle, spread in the 11th-12th century; frequent the octagonal constructions, of oriental influence (Sotèra Lykodìmu in Athens, mid 11th century; S. Luca in Phocis, 10th century; S. Teodoro in Mistrà, 15th century). To Mount Àthos the trichoric type appears, frequent…
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